Mengintip lensa favorit para fotografer landscape

Fotografi landscape merupakan suatu bagian dari teknik fotografi yang memerlukan jam terbang dan banyak berlatih. Dukungan akan lensa yang sesuai juga diperlukan untuk mendapat hasil yang diinginkan. Tidak selamanya landscape itu identik dengan lensa wide, karena ternyata lensa zoom standar atau tele pun bisa memberi hasil foto landscape yang baik bila digunakan dengan tepat. Ingin tahu lensa apa saja yang cocok untuk landscape? Saya mengutip dari situs Outdoor Photographer, berikut adalah artikel soal lensa yang populer untuk landscape dan sekaligus kita intip lensa-lensa favorit yang biasa dipakai oleh para fotografer landscape. Mohon maaf saya copy-paste langsung dan tidak sempat membuat terjemahan bebasnya. Sambil belajar bahasa Inggris ya…

At heart, the choice of lens for any photo is based on the photographer’s vision, on how he or she “sees” the subject and the final image. Wide-angle lenses take in a vast angle of view, and individual elements of the scene are relatively tiny. Telephotos zero in on a small, distant portion of the scene, compressing the elements, and individual elements are much larger in the image. Essentially, lens choice comes down to selecting the focal length that frames the image as you want it from the camera position you’ve selected for the subject you’re photographing. That said, what are the best lenses for landscapes? We’re assuming here that you’re using a 35mm or digital SLR; different formats (medium-format, view cameras, etc.) require different focal lengths in millimeters to produce a given effect.

Wide-Angle Zooms

Wide-angles are a great choice when you want to show vast expanses or great depth by moving close to a prominent subject while having a wide enough angle of view to include some of the surrounding environment. At a given distance and aperture setting, a wide-angle lens will produce more depth of field than a longer lens. That’s fortunate because the really tiny openings that are produced when you stop down a short-focal-length a lot produce quite a bit of diffraction, which reduces sharpness. (When you stop a lens down, depth of field increases, but overall resolution decreases.)

Popular wide-angle landscapes zooms include the :

  • Canon EF 16-35mm ƒ/2.8L II USM
  • Nikon AF-S DX Zoom Nikkor 12-24mm ƒ/4G
  • Olympus Zuiko Digital 14-35mm ƒ/2.0 SWD
  • Pentax smc DA 12-24mm ƒ/4.0 AL
  • Sigma 10-20mm ƒ/4-5.6 EX DC
  • Sony Carl Zeiss Vario-Sonar T* 16-35mm ƒ/2.8
  • Tamron 10-24mm F/3.5-4.5 Di-II
  • Tokina AT-X PRO DX AF 11-16mm ƒ/2.8

Midrange Zooms

Midrange zooms go from wide-angle through “normal” focal lengths and into short telephoto. They’re good choices for general landscapes, able to handle the wide vistas or direct the viewer’s attention to specific details in a scene.

Popular midrange landscape zooms include the :

  • Canon EF 24-105mm ƒ/4L IS USM
  • Nikon AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor 17-55mm ƒ/2.8G
  • Olympus Zuiko Digital 12-60mm ƒ/2.8-4.0 SWD
  • Pentax smc 16-50mm ƒ/2.8 SDM
  • Sigma 17-70mm ƒ/2.8-4.5 DC Macro HSM
  • Sony Carl Zeiss Vario-Sonnar T* 24-70mm ƒ/2.8
  • Tamron 28-75mm F/2.8 XR Di LD
  • Tokina PRO DX 16-50mm ƒ/2.8

Tele-Zooms

Telephoto zooms are a great choice when you want to zero in on a distant object you can’t approach closely due to terrain or other obstructions, or when you want a compressed perspective.

Popular landscape tele-zooms include the :

  • Canon EF 70-200mm ƒ/2.8L IS USM
  • Nikon AF-S VR Zoom Nikkor 70-200mm ƒ/2.8G
  • Olympus 50-200mm ƒ/2.8-3.5 SWD
  • Pentax smc 60-250mm ƒ/4.0 SDM
  • Sigma 18-200mm ƒ/3.5-6.3 DC OS HSM
  • Sony 70-200mm ƒ/2.8G
  • Tamron AF18-270mm F/3.5-6.3 Di-II VC
  • Tokina DX 50-135mm ƒ/2.8

Angle Of View

Image cicrle

What makes a lens wide-angle? Or telephoto? The format with which it’s used. A 28mm lens on a 35mm SLR is a wide-angle. It takes in a 75º angle of view, much more than the 46º angle of view of the format’s 50mm “normal” lens. Put the same 28mm lens on a D-SLR with an APS-C sensor, which is much smaller than a full 35mm image frame, and it’s no longer “wide-angle”— the smaller sensor “sees” much less of the image produced by the lens, cropping the image to about the area taken in by a “normal” lens on a 35mm SLR. Put a 28mm lens on a compact digital camera, with a much tinier sensor, and it becomes a “telephoto,” equivalent to maybe 157mm on a 35mm camera.

Incidentally, a true “telephoto” lens employs a specific design in which the focal length is longer than the lens’ physical length. But photographers have a habit of referring to all long lenses as “telephotos,” and from a practical standpoint, that’s fine. It’s just not always technically accurate.

Don Gale (www.photographybydon.com) likes a compact big gun: the Tamron AF18-270mm F/3.5-6.3 Di-II VC LD wide-to-tele-zoom. “This zoom range is absolutely amazing,” he says. “I’m shooting with a camera with the smaller APS-C sensor, and with this baby, I’m able to start wide—really wide—and zoom all the way through and end up with an amazingly long, tight shot at 270mm. It’s a nice feeling to know that one lens may be all I need for an entire day of shooting.”

John Isaac (www.johnisaac.com) likes the Olympus 50-200mm ƒ/2.8-3.5 ED SWD Zuiko zoom. “I like the compressed look of the landscape when using long focal lengths,” he explains. “Compared to 35mm format, the Four Thirds format doubles focal lengths, so this lens is like a 100-400mm on a 35mm camera. Nowadays when I use the E-3 camera body that has a built-in stabilizer, I shoot practically everything without a tripod or a monopod. This is such a plus for me, since I like to travel light.”

Kerrick James (www.agpix.com/kerrickjames) likes his Pentax DA 12-24mm ƒ/4.0 ED AL (IF) zoom. “It has a superb range of angle of view and excellent depth of field, retains fine resolution when stopped down and is a rectilinear (non-fish-eye) design,” he says. “It’s also reasonably light, being an ƒ/4, and easy to carry on the trail. It’s always in my bag, along with a thin circular polarizer.”

Sony Artisan of Imagery Andy Katz (www.andykatzphotography.com) has two favorite landscape lenses: “The Zeiss Vario-Sonnar T* 16-35mm ƒ/2.8 lens is a perfect landscape lens. At 16mm, you get a blazingly sharp super-wide-angle with amazing distortion correction. I’ve never used a fixed-focal-length wide-angle lens as sharp as this zoom. My other favorite lens that I can’t live without is the 70-400mm ƒ/4.5-5.6. Being a travel/landscape photographer, weight is a big concern. The 70-400mm is so lightweight and versatile that I’ll never travel without it again. It’s a delight to have such a variety of focal lengths without sacrificing the sharpness. It’s an all-in-one, small package and absolutely ideal for hiking.”

Steve Kozak (www.stevekozak.com) likes two fast Tamron wide zooms, the SP AF17-50mm F/2.8 Di-II and SP AF28-75mm F/2.8 XR Di. “I like to get right up in the middle of it rather than shoot from afar,” he explains. “Weight is an issue when hiking into tough terrain, but so is lens speed. These two ƒ/2.8s meet both needs beautifully.”

Asks OP columnist Bob Krist (www.bobkrist.com), “Do I have to pick just one? I really don’t have one favorite landscape lens. I use all my three lenses for landscape: the AF-S DX 12-24mm ƒ/4, AF-S DX 17-55mm ƒ/2.8G and AF-S 70-200mm ƒ/2.8G VR Zoom-Nikkors. I find that landscapes vary so much that one lens doesn’t do it.”

Stephen Lang (www.stephenlangphotography.com) uses a number of Sigma lenses for landscapes, including the 70-200mm ƒ/2.8 II EX DG, 12-24mm ƒ/4.5-5.6 EX and 15mm full-frame fisheye. But his favorite is the Sigma 17-70mm ƒ/2.8-4.5 DC. “I do a lot of long-exposure waterscape shots rather than traditional landscapes,” he explains. “The 17-70mm gives me really nice focal-length choices. I can get close to the shoreline when I do these, and not only can I get the shoreline when I want, but also the horizon with great clarity and the space I want to show.”

Olympus Visionary Michael Lewis (www.michaellewisfoto.com) says, “I used the Olympus Zuiko Digital 12-60mm for most of my landscape work. The 35mm equivalent of 24mm is wide enough for most landscapes, the ability to zoom to 120mm and the size and weight make this lens the one I usually grab for a hike, a bike ride or a dedicated landscape photo shoot.”

William Neill (www.williamneillphotography.com) prefers his Canon zoom: “My favorite lens for landscapes is my Canon EF 70-200mm zoom. Simply put, I like to isolate details and eliminate distractions.”

Moose Peterson (www.moosepeterson.com) says, “Right now, my favorite landscape lenses are the Nikon 24mm ƒ/3.5D ED and 45mm ƒ/2.8D ED PC-E Nikkors because they’re amazingly sharp and when needed have the PC [tilt-shift perspective control] attributes.”

Carol Polich picks her Sigma 10-20mm ƒ/4-5.6 EX DC zoom. “It’s one of my favorite lenses for capturing the breadth and scope of a landscape,” she says. “Not only do you feel surrounded within rock, water and trees encompassed by a tremendous sky, but you can lead into the essence of the environment with your foreground subject.”

Julie Quarry (www.photoquarry.com) likes her Pentax DA 12-24mm ƒ/4.0 ED AL (IF) zoom and 10-17mm ƒ/3.5-4.5 ED (IF) fish-eye zooms. “I, too, much like Kerrick, love the 12-24mm DA; however, I find great joy working with the fish-eye 10-17mm DA for some unusual images,” she explains. “Some landscapes have an unusual linear quality that lends itself to the full-frame fish-eye effect. Two striking examples I’ve shot recently are the salt flats of Badwater in Death Valley and Rainbow Bridge in Lake Powell. Filling the frame with a superwide lens such as this one almost requires a really distinctive land form like an arch. This isn’t your classic landscape lens, but you can have a lot of fun thinking outside of the focal box!”

Art Wolfe
(www.artwolfe.com) likes the Canon EF 16-35mm ƒ/2.8 II: “I turn to the 16-35mm II most often,” he says. “When I need to compose quickly, incorporating strong foreground elements, this focal range is ideal. It’s also the sharpest wide-angle zoom from Canon thus far.”

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13 comments

  1. canon 14/f2.8 L & zoom 17-40/f4 L kok nda termasuk ya? padahal ok banget buat landscape..

      1. kayaknya krn gak bisa buat fullframe deh…
        makanya gak kepilih (baru nyadar…)! ^^

  2. There are dozens of digital SLR cameras on the market today; however, there are few clear or consistent guides to which ones are the best quality and most reliable. Well, Which Digital SLR Camera? has personally tested and evaluated these digital SLR cameras so to give you an easy and simple recommendation of which ones you should choose and which ones you should avoid.

  3. eii nanya dunk, klo maw kya foto’ effect gtu, misal orang naek sepeda…
    sepeda na jelas blakang na bLur..

    tuh kamera na type apa bagus na ??

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